Étienne Balibar: “The Idea of Revolution: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow”

‘A political scenario of revolutionary moments in history essentially combines three types of phenomena: a change in the distribution of power within society, which transfers it from those from above who “normally” monopolize it … to those from below who “normally” are excluded or marginalized …; a transition from one state or social regime to another, which … separates “long” periods of time …; a moment of exception with respect to the legal and institutional “governmentality” …, where the rules of decision-making and the forms of representation are suspended … All three aspects are … antinomic or structured as unities of opposites.’